Its teenage author, the future Mary Shelley , drew upon her nightmares to come up with a story as challenging as it is chilling.
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Read about "Frankenstein" electronic plants. The story took shape during the year without a summer, as came to be known. The eruption of the Mount Tambora volcano on the island of Sumbawa part of modern-day Indonesia had released vast amounts ash, rock, and sulfuric dust into the air, which dramatically lowered temperatures across many areas of the globe the following year.
Reports of odd weather came in from all quarters in summer frosts in North America, red snow in Italy, and eight weeks of nonstop rain in Ireland.
The bizarre weather in also left an indelible mark on culture and literature. That year, a group of friends from England had been looking forward to spending the summer months together in a large house, Villa Diodati near Lake Geneva. Mary was in her mid-teens, and Shelley was a married man and father of two children. The outdoor activities they had been eagerly anticipating were washed out by the constant torrential cloudbursts in Switzerland that year.
The group were all advocates of Romanticism, a movement that originated in the late 18th century in response to the dispassionate reason of the Enlightenment. Romantics favored nature, passion, and the experience of the individual. To pass the time indoors, the party held stirring discussions of current scientific theories.
They were particularly fascinated by the experiments with electricity carried out the century before by Luigi Galvani, who had observed how an electric current made the legs of dead frogs twitch. They speculated on the possibility of bringing dead matter back to life by using electrical impulses. After all this scientific talk, Lord Byron took the group in a different direction and suggested that each member of the party write a horror story.
Mary, then age 18, had little writing experience. A sensitive, highly cultured woman whose mother had died when she was a baby, her frequent bouts of depression fueled a morbid fascination with death. I saw the hideous phantasm of a man stretched out, and then, on the working of some powerful engine, show signs of life and stir with an uneasy half-vital motion.
Later, back in Britain, she expanded this initial tale into a novel. Her name appeared on the second edition in It is the version that is best known today.
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Victor Frankenstein. In the comic book Major Bummer , Louie defends the common misnaming of the monster as "Frankenstein": Dr. Frankenstein is, so to speak, the monster's "father", and it is only right that a son should have his father's family name. This is also the argument taken by the Seven Soldiers incarnation.
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In this new timeline, the Seven Soldiers' version of the character is re-established in the ongoing series Frankenstein, Agent of S. The monster appeared as a foe to Marvel Comics ' X-Men in issue 40 of their eponymous series January In the story, written by Roy Thomas , the monster had various powers, including incredible strength, optic beams, and magnetized feet. He was an ambassador sent to Earth by aliens in the s, but upon arrival, he went berserk. His fellow aliens followed him to the North Pole , where he was frozen. In the present, he was discovered by scientists and thawed.
According to Professor X , this android was the inspiration for Shelley's novel. The Monster of Frankenstein , the first five issues of which Jan. The artist, Mike Ploog , recalled, "I really enjoyed doing Frankenstein because I related to that naive monster wandering around a world he had no knowledge of — an outsider seeing everything through the eyes of a child. The Invaders have to fight Frankenstein in the issue Frankenstein is dressed as a Nazi officer. Classic Comics 27 December , reprinted in Classics Illustrated 26, had versions of the Shelley novel. Dell Comics published a superhero version of the character in the comic book series Frankenstein September - March ; issue 1, published Oct.
In , Dark Horse Comics issued an adaptation of the Universal film. The Monster is Monster in My Pocket He appears among the good monsters in the comic book , the video game , the animated special , and the animated series. In the comics, he was relatively inarticulate, represented by hyphens between each syllable he spoke, but possessed of simple wisdom and strong morals. This characterization was essentially characterized in the video game, where he was a playable character, and his only line of dialogue in the cut scenes was "Yeah In , Curtis Jobling released a picture book titled Frankenstein's Cat , which focused on Frankenstein's first creation; a cat named Nine due to being made up of nine different cats.
A television adaption aired in on CBBC. The book tells the continuing adventures of Frankenstein's monster, who has since adopted his creator's name and became a hero through the ages. Like his namesake Franken Stein is both a skilled doctor and scientist, actually accomplishing in resurrecting another character into a zombie. But otherwise the rest of Victor Frankentsin's character was mostly tossed aside the character was obsessed with taking things apart, usually with scalpels, and he was also a skilled fighter, especially in hand to hand combat.
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Hall with art by Jerry Beck. In Dead Dog's version, the monster sets out to create his own Necropolis. In it, Victor, now calling himself Hans, must create a new body for his first cousin who wants her syphilitic son to remain alive after a vicious beating, and she coerces him to do so under fear of exposing him for who he really is. Half-crazed due to the disease, the newly born monster proceeds to start a Grand Guignol theater in Ingolstadt until Victor puts him down with the help of the first monster he ever created.
As thanks, Victor begins work on the last attempt he will make at playing God , and begins to build the original creature a mate. In , Eros Comix published Adult Frankenstein , a comic book with Frankenstein X-rated stories featuring also other classic monsters all written by Enrico Teodorani creator of Djustine , with cover by Joe Vigil and interior art by some of the best Italian authors in the erotic comics field.
Manga artist Mitsukazu Mihara published a collection of six short stories entitled Beautiful People on October 20, The main story, also titled "Beautiful People", follows a woman who had plastic surgery done hoping to become beautiful and loved, but after she meets a young girl stitched together from corpses, she realizes that girl was the truly beautiful one because of the love that she gave. The manga series Embalming-The Another Tale of Frankenstein- , published by Shueisha , is based on the idea that Victor Frankenstein actually existed and created an artificial human from bodyparts of dead people and that years after this event, numerous doctors across Europe are using what is left of his notes to try and create their own monsters.
The series also features characters reading Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. His adaptation was originally published in French in three volumes, and was all collected and translated into English for the Papercutz version.
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Of all the comic book adaptations, this one is probably the most faithful to the original book. Frankenstein's monster appears in the Konami video game series Castlevania numerous times, with its name being "The Monster" or "The Creature", often as a major boss , but sometimes as a regular enemy.
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Rool, assumes the persona of Baron K. A Frankenstein-like monster called Victor von Gerdenheim is a playable character in the fighting game series Darkstalkers , along with many other monsters from popular culture. Frankenstein's monster also appears in the video game adaptation of the film Van Helsing. He only appears as a non-playable character.
The role-playing game Promethean: The Created by White Wolf Publishing , focuses on beings created from human remains and animated by "the Divine Fire" who seek to attain humanity.
One of the "Lineages" groupings of said creatures is that of the Frankensteins, who, like their namesake, are crafted from the best parts of multiple corpses and brought to life by lightning. The monster himself, going by the name John Verney, appears in some of the book's fiction and illustrations. In , the line of action figures for The Real Ghostbusters featured figures of several Universal Monsters , including Frankenstein's Monster. In , a new green skinned Minifigure called Monster resembles the creature.
The video game Fable II contains a quest in which a man named Victor is attempting to reanimate the body of a deceased woman, both homages to the book. Upon completion of the quest, if the player buys the house, it unlocks an area known as "The Shelley Tomb", a reference to the author of the novel. In the Wii game MadWorld , Frankenstein's monster appears as a boss battle at the base of a dungeon, and is simply called "Frank" with bolts in his back, rather than his neck as common stereotypes depict. He is also shown as being regenerative when connected to an electric chair, and his size well exceeds the usually large 7'0" to go as much as 20'0".
In Atlus' popular Persona series, the residents of the "Velvet Room", a supernatural room that is "Between mind and matter", are named after characters from the Frankenstein series, namely Igor, Elizabeth, Margret, Theodore, Marie, Caroline, and Justine.
Science fiction author Isaac Asimov coined the term Frankenstein complex for the fear of robots. Frankensteining is a term used by abusers of crystal methamphetamine to calm themselves by diassembling and reassembling objects.